New Portable Device Can Detect Diabetes, Kidney Failure, Chronic Anemia, Malnutrition

New Portable Device Can Detect Diabetes, Kidney Failure, Chronic Anemia, Malnutrition

Bangalore-based PathShodh Healthcare, a startup at the Entrepreneurship Centre of the Indian Institute of Science, has developed a hand-held device to measure eight vital parameters for diabetes, kidney failure, chronic anaemia, and malnutrition.

The device, called anuPath, has been developed by Dr. Vinay Kumar along with Professor Navakanta Bhat of Indian Institute of Science and a friend, Gautam Sharma.

According to a recent International Diabetes Federation (IDF) report, diabetes currently affects over 425 million people worldwide, and the figure is expected to reach 629 million by 2045. With 73 million diabetics, India ranks second in the world after China.

People with diabetes have an increased risk of developing a number of serious health problems. Consistently high blood glucose levels can lead to serious diseases affecting the heart and blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, nerves and teeth. In addition, people with diabetes also have a higher risk of developing infections, says the IDF report.

Currently, anuPath can test for hemoglobin, HbA1C, glycated albumin, blood glucose, serum albumin, microalbuminuria, urine ACR, and urine creatinine. It will be extendable to other markers (glycated albumin, serum creatinine, serum bilirubin, etc.) in the future. It works on a non-enzymatic- and non-antibody-based electrochemical biosensing technology. The measurement is done on electrochemical disposable test strips that contain a membrane infused with patented sensing substances. For each biomarker there is a separate disposable strip. When the user places the required sample on the electrochemical disposable test strip, anuPath detects the electrochemical outcomes and the deciphered results are displayed on the digital monitor within a minute. This enables the patient to get a comprehensive report of the status of the disease, which is essential in disease management. Read full research paper.

Presently, it can store one lakh patient reports, making it easier to share with doctors. With one international patent and eight in process, anuPath costs Rs. 50,000. The team is working on a cost effective model of about Rs. 5,000 – Rs. 10,000 for individual users to use it at home. Read more

Students Develop Nail Polish That Detects Date Rape Drugs

Students Develop Nail Polish That Detects Date Rape Drugs

Indian American engineering graduate of North Carolina State University, Ankesh Madan, is one of the four entrepreneurs who have developed a prototype for a new nail polish line that changes color when it comes into contact with date rape drugs. A date rape drug, also called a predator drug, is any drug that can be used to assist in the execution of drug facilitated sexual assault. 

Ankesh Madan, Tasso Von Windheim, Tyler Confrey-Maloney and Stephan Gray founded Undercover Colors to be “the first fashion company working to prevent sexual assault,” as reported by The Mary Sue.

The team is developing a nail polish that changes color when it comes in contact with date rape drugs such as Rohypnol, Xanax, and GHB. With this nail polish, any woman will be empowered to discreetly ensure her safety by simply stirring her drink with her finger. If her nail polish changes color, she’ll know that something is wrong.

Through this nail polish and similar technologies, Undercover Colors hopes to make potential perpetrators afraid to spike a woman’s drink because there’s now a risk that they can get caught. In effect, they want to shift the fear from the victims to the perpetrators. Some of the other drugs that the product would be effective for, include: (RS)-2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino) cyclohexanone (ketamine), 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) (aka: “Molly”/ecstasy) or γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB). 8-Chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine (“Xanax”) and “roofies” (Rohypnol).

Undercover Colors is not currently a product to be marketed, but has raised tremendous interest in the start-up arena, having raised $100,000 from one investor. Undercover Colors is now seeking crowd sourced funding via online donations portal, which offers both one-time and recurring donation options.

The product is already gaining popularity, signaling need for the product by women who feel vulnerable going out on blind dates and who will seek any form of protection against being sexually attacked. Read more